Blackberries contain five to six times higher levels of ellagic acid than other fruits; ellagic acid is a phenolic compound which scientists have proven contributes to significant inhibition of colon, esophageal, liver, lung, tongue, and skin cancers in s Blackberries grow in wet areas across the United States and Europe. Several species of blackberry exist: Rubus fructicosus is the most common European species and Rubus canadensis is a common North American species. While the leaves are used most frequently for medicinal preparations, the root is sometimes used as well. •
The name of the bush comes from brambel or brymbl meaning 'prickly', it is also known by the common names Dewberry, and Cloudberry. Blackberry is the Americans name. It small bushy vines, each berry being a cluster of tiny black knobs. In England, they are referred to as Brambleberries. Once they are black all over, they are fully ripe, and can be eaten right off the vine. Medicinally, the leaf of the Blackberry is most often used. Blackberry Leaf has been made into a tea to ease the discomfort of sore throat. It has also been determined to effective in treating diarrhea. The primary constituents of this herb include tannins, gallic acid, villosin, and iron. The fruit portion contains Vitamin C, niacin, pectin, sugars, anthocyanins, and flavonoids (kaempferol, quercitin). The tannin content of Blackberry Leaf makes it an effective astringent. It also has diuretic properties. The tannins in Blackberry also contribute to the plant's ability to treat diarrhea and dysentery, as well as to constrict blood vessels, which inhibits bleeding. The leaves of Blackberry were chewed to treat bleeding gums and mouth sores. Blackberry Leaf was also used as a poultice for wounds and insect bites, and as a wash for oily skin. The common name Blackberry also includes the species Rubus villosus, Rubis lacinniatus, Rubus procerus, and other Rubus species, which are used interchangeably with Rubus fructicosus.
History: It is mentioned in the Old Testament. The ancient Greek physicians used blackberry for gout, the leaves, roots, and even berries have been used as herbal medicines. The most common uses were for treating diarrhea, sore throats, and wounds. The large amounts of tannins give blackberry leaves and roots an astringent effect that may be useful for treating diarrhea. 2 These same constituents may also be helpful for soothing sore throats.
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