is a factor extracted from whey called orotic acid. Its
deficiency causes anemia, large abnormal blood cells, heart problems, skin problems,
and liver deterioration. It is recognized more widely in europe, but has not
been widely supported in the United States. It should probably be grouped with
the "sub-vitamin B complex" of substances that are useful to the body, but may
not be required in food. It is most often used similarly to ascorbate to
combine with minerals for better absorpsion. This also allows vitamin
manufacturers to include it in vitamin formulations without listing and/or claiming it as
a separate vitamin.
Chemical Name- Orotic Acid, Pyrimidinecarboxylic Acid
Deficiency- Possibly Multiple Sclerosis
B13 is a compound from distillers consisting of dried solubles. It was later identified as orotic acid, an intermediate in pyrimidine metabolism. It is recognized as a treatment for MS (multiple sclerosis) and is dispensed under the name of "calcium orotate" (an essential growth factor in rats). Good sources are root vegetables and whey.
Other names for it include: whey factor, animal galactose factor, Oropur, Orotyl, and Provitamin B6 (a water-soluble vitamin precursor).
Inhibitors include: water and sunlight.
Technicals: Orotic Acid, as a "mineral transporter" is available in the form of Calcium Orotate, Magnesium Orotate, etc. Its vitamin status is unlikely. By association, Aspartic Acid, and Colamine Phosphate (Calcium AEP) are in the same class of "mineral transporters," and might make claim as B13.
Sources: Whey, Root vegetables
Synergist: calcium, magnesium, potassium, and zinc
Signs or Symptoms of a Deficiency: anemia, large or abnormal red blood cells, heart disease, heart arrythmias, skin quality deterioration, eczema, psoriasis, increased weight gain, crystals in the urine, cell and growth deterioration, mental retardation, liver deterioration, premature aging, decreased vitamin B12 and Bc usage, decreased immunity.
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